Adhesions are scar tissue that forms between organs as part of the healing process following surgery, infection or an inflammatory process. Adhesions are mostly seen in the abdomen and pelvic region and can cause discomfort, obstruction of the bowel and chronic pain. Adhesions can be treated by cutting the scar tissues through a surgical procedure called adhesiolysis.
This procedure is performed under general anesthesia. The surgery is usually performed through the laparoscopic technique, where small incisions are made. Your doctor injects a gas to expand the abdomen so that the organs are clearly visible. Then, the laparoscope (small tube attached with a camera and light at one end) is inserted through an incision to locate the adhesions. With the help of surgical instruments inserted through the other incisions, the adhesions are cut or released to free the organs that were joined.
Like all surgeries, the laparoscopic management of adhesions may be associated with complications such as injury to the surrounding organs, infection or bleeding, and rarely, formation of fresh adhesions.
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